VAT rates in Europe

European Union VAT rates.

VAT rates are different in each European country. Businesses operating in multiple jurisdictions must ensure that they charge and get charged the correct VAT rate to avoid penalties or long VAT refund mechanisms. The following overview is non-exhaustive and must be checked with our tax professionals before implementing this information into your system.

  • VAT rates in Europe

    • Country

    • Standard VAT Rates

    • Reduced VAT Rates

    • Austria

    • 20%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 10%, 13%, 19%

    • Belgium

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 6%, 12%

    • Bulgaria

    • 20%

    • 0%, 9%

    • Croatia

    • 25%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 13%

    • Cyprus

    • 19%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 9%

    • Czech Republic

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 10%, 15%

    • Denmark

    • 25%

    • 0% and EU Exemption

    • Estonia

    • 20%

    • 0%, 9%

    • Finland

    • 24%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 10%, 14%

    • France

    • 20%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 2.1%, 5.5%, 10%

    • Germany

    • 19%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 7%

    • Greece

    • 24%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 6%, 13%

    • Hungary

    • 27%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 18%

    • Ireland

    • 23%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 4.8%, 9%, 13.5%

    • Italy

    • 22%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 4%, 5%, 10%

    • Latvia

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 12%

    • Lithuania

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 9%

    • Luxembourg

    • 17%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 3%, 8%, 14%

    • Malta

    • 18%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 7%

    • Netherlands

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 9%

    • Poland

    • 23%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 8%

    • Portugal

    • 23%

      In Azores: 18%

      In Madeira: 22%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 6%, 13%

      In Azores: 4%, 9%

      In Madeira: 5%, 12%

    • Romania

    • 19%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 9%

    • Slovakia

    • 20%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 10%

    • Slovenia

    • 22%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 5%, 9.5%

    • Spain

    • 21%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 4%, 10%

    • Sweden

    • 25%

    • 0% and EU Exemption, 6%, 12%

    • United Kingdom

    • 20%

    • 0%, 5%

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